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Kuthekera kwa kupanga ndikwambiri: zopitilira 90% zogulitsa kunja ndizopangidwa

Kuchokera m'mafakitale osauka kupita ku machitidwe amakono osiyanasiyana, kuyambira kupanga machesi ndi sopo kokha mpaka magalimoto opita kunja, kuchokera kuukadaulo wotsatira ukadaulo wotsanzira kupita kuukadaulo wotsogola wodziyimira pawokha…… Posachedwapa, National Bureau of Statistics yatulutsa zaka 70 Zambiri pazachuma cha mafakitale ku China, chithunzi cha chitukuko cha leapfrog chikuwonekera pang'onopang'ono.

Chuma chenicheni ndi chomwe chikutsogolera chitukuko cha zachuma. Tiyenera kupitiriza kukonza mafakitale ndi kukweza mlingo wa kupanga. Kuyimilira mu mbiri yogwirizanitsa dongosolo la zaka 70 zachitukuko chachuma cha mafakitale tikuyembekezera, kodi makampani aku China angakwaniritse zotani modabwitsa? Ndi njira zina ziti zomwe ziyenera kuchitidwa kuti mukhazikitse maziko olimba? Mtolankhaniyo adafunsa akatswiri amakampani.Ubwino wamabungwe ndikusintha ndikutsegula limodzi kumapanga chozizwitsa chachitukuko.

Mu 1952, mtengo wowonjezera wamakampaniwo unafika pa yuan biliyoni 12; mu 1978, idaposa yuan biliyoni 160; mu 2012, idadutsa 20 thililiyoni yuan; ndipo mu 2018, idaposa 30 trilioni yuan. Ngati tijambula tchati chamtengo wowonjezera wamakampani pazaka 70 zapitazi, njira yokhotakhota yokwera imawonekera papepala.

Kuyambira 1952 mpaka 2018, pamitengo yokhazikika, mtengo wowonjezera wamakampani udakwera nthawi 970.6, kapena kuchuluka kwapakati pachaka kwa 11 peresenti. “Chiŵerengero chimenechi sichimangoposa cha maiko ambiri otukuka kumene panthaŵi imodzimodziyo, komanso chimaposa nthaŵi ya chiwonjezeko cha mayiko ambiri otukuka kumene panthaŵi yofananayo.” Woyang'anira chipinda chamakampani aku China macro-economic Research Institute Pay Bao Zong adati.

Kukula kwa mafakitale kukukulirakulira. "M'masiku oyambirira a kukhazikitsidwa kwa People's Republic of China, kudalira mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito chuma kuti tikwaniritse ntchito zazikulu, tidayang'ana kwambiri chuma chathu pamakampani olemera, komanso kutulutsa kwazinthu zazikulu zamafakitale monga mafuta osapsa ndi mafuta. kupanga magetsi kunakula kwambiri.” Li Jiangtao, mkulu wa zophunzitsa zachuma zamafakitale ndi gawo lofufuza la dipatimenti yazachuma ya Party School ya Komiti Yaikulu ya CPC, akuganiza kuti izi zidayika maziko olimba komanso ukadaulo wamakono.


Nthawi yotumiza: Jun-20-2021